At some point in your life, you may have looked at the wide range of people who suffer from diabetes and wondered what exactly they have in common. Diabetes sufferers are after all one of the most diverse groups of people who have the same disease, comprising a group that includes people of wildly disparate ethnicity, body type, age, gender, and economic status. When a disease affects people who are so obviously and dramatically different, what health condition could they possible all suffer from?
The answer to this conundrum is that there are, in fact, several different causes for diabetes. While the term diabetes refers to a bodily condition wherein the hormone insulin is not correctly controlled within the body, this problem can be caused by a number of different factors.
These causes are so different that it has led the medical community to categorize diabetes into three different types: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. We will explore all three types of diabetes and the ways in which they differ. Be warned that in many cases, the medical community has not reached a complete consensus on what causes insulin problems. These categories are only based on what has been discovered to be different.
This is a variety of diabetes that only affects pregnant women, usually beginning farther into their pregnancy and ending shortly after the birth of the child. It shows much in the same way that other adult onset diabetes types do with the primary signs being fatigue, itching, excess urination, and sweating. While gestational diabetes should definitely be monitored throughout the duration of the pregnancy, it is generally not a huge concern because it is not chronic.
While it is not known exactly why certain women experience gestational diabetes, it is posited that this temporary malady is most likely the result of hormones released by the placenta that somehow changes the affect of insulin.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is generally first diagnosed in children and young adults. While its symptoms may be quite similar to the ways in which other forms of diabetes present, it is generally more likely to cause loss of weight and extreme tiredness.
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the absence of failure of beta cells in the pancreas. These cells are responsible for producing insulin in a healthy body. The ineffectiveness of the beta cells can itself result from in uterine exposure to certain substances, as well as genetic factors.
Type 2 Diabetes
This variety is the most common type of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is generally diagnosed in adults and presents with itching, excess urination, hunger, cramping, and sweating. Likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes is associated with the factors that are most often recognized as the causes for diabetes, in other words weight gain and stress.
It is not completely known how type 2 diabetes develops. There is strong evidence that genetic factors play an integral role. It is also believed that excess fat cells may disrupt hormone performance.